The History of Ophthalmology (11): The History of Contact Lenses, Vol. 3

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Condensed Table of Contents



20. The Zeiss Corneo-Scleral Shells in German-Speaking Europe (1920-1944)

21. The Alternatives to Zeiss Contact Shells in German-Speaking Europe

22. Glass Corneo-Scleral Shells in the United States of America (1928-1940)

23. The Glass Corneo-Scleral Shells in other Countries throughout the World (1920-1942)

24. The First Corneo-Scleral Shells made from Synthetic Thermoplastic Materials

25. Corneo-Scleral Shells made from PMMA in the United States of America (1940-1950)

26. Corneo-Scleral Shells made from PMMA throughout the World (1940-1950) Except the USA

27. The Pmma Corneal Contact Lenses

28. Therapeutic and diagnostic Applications of Contact Shells and Contact Lenses

29. 50 Years of Advances in Fitting Procedures for Contact Lenses – An Overview

Plates I-X

Biographical Notices


Index of Personal Names

Heitz started to collect material for this masterpiece of ophthalmic history about 25 years ago.
A busy ophthalmologist, it was only when he retired from his medical duties, that he started his new career as an historian.
Having been the instigator and editor (with W. Ehrich in Germany) of the first medical journal devoted entirely to contact lenses (Contactologia), and the founder of the European Contact Lens Society, it is not surprising that his interest was to focus on this speciality of ophthalmology.
His entry in the International Biography and Bibliography of Ophthalmologists (IBBO): reads as follows .

Heitz, Robert Fernand (1932- ) French ophthalmologist and historian. Heitz was born in Haguenau, Alsace, France. He went to Strasbourg and received his MD in 1960. His internship was spent at the Hôpitaux de la Région Sanitaire de Strasbourg from 1956 to 1960 and he became an ophthalmologist under Jean Nordmann in 1963. Heitz was assistant at the Institut de Parasitologie of the Strasbourg University from 1961 to 1962, Director of Clinical Education at the Strasbourg Louis Pasteur University from 1983 to 1997. He was Head of the Ophthalmic Clinic at the Centre Hospitalier de Haguenau and expert consultant to the Head of the Hospitals at the Minister of Public Health in Paris and to the French Agency of Health Products (as President of the Commission for Homologation and Material Control in Ophthalmology). He is a member of the Société Française d’Ophtalmologie; Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft, Société d’Ophtalmologie de l’Est de la France, Société Française des Ophtalmologistes adaptateurs de Prothèses de Contact, European Contact Lens Society (ECLSO),( Founder, then treasurer).
He is also a member of the Société d’histoire de la médecine, Société francophone d’histoire de l’ophtalmologie and the Julius Hirschberg Gesellschaft fuer Geschichte der Augenheilkunde.
Heitz received the Fick-Kalt-Müller Medal from the ECLSO in 1983 and the Louis Emile Javal Silver Service Distinction from the International Contact Lens Council of Ophthalmology in 1986. He is the founder and then from 1979 to 1991 was Editor in Chief of both the French and the German edition of the international medical journal Contactologia (Enke Stuttgart) and co-author, with G. Elie of Guide de Contactologie Médicale 1988. He has authored more than 150 publications mainly in French, but also in German and English, on ophthalmic clinical aspects in relation to contact lenses, the history of contact lenses and public health.
Heitz attained his PhD (Paris, École Pratique des Hautes Études) after presenting a thesis on the History of Corneal Neutralization and of Contact Lenses (Étude historique des principes et des applications des systèmes de contact oculaire dans le contexte des connaissances du XVIe siècle à la première moitié du XXe siècle). This thesis will be published in an English version (translated by Colin Mailer) by Wayenborgh Ostend/Belgium, as part of the Hirschberg Series. For his activities to the Public Health, Robert Heitz received the French Ordre National du Mérite.

Additional information

Weight 1811 g
Dimensions 29 × 21 cm





Publication Year

2014 (28-9-2014)