The History of Ophthalmology (11 – 3b): History of Contact Lenses (2): Keratoconus and the Use of Early Contact Lenses (1888-1920)

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Heitz’s work is preceded by an extended table of contents and ends with a complete index of names. It is fascinating reading packed with interesting new information and descriptions of experiments that finally, five hundred years later, culminated in the development of to-day’s most popular visual device: the contact lens.
The book is printed on a heavy deluxe enameled art paper, bound by hand in marine blue linen with gold embossed title on the spine and book plate. This work, in-4to format (small folio), is presented in a protective printed jacket. This first volume also contains 48 biographies of the important personalities, 207 bibliographical references (all checked!), 117 illustrations, 6 tables and 16 original text transcriptions.
This three-volume set (Volumes 1 and 2 are currently available, Volume 3 will be released in the near future) is the very first monograph ever published on this specialized subject. The author, a French ophthalmologist who founded the European Contact Lens Society, devoted 30 years exhaustively researching original sources. The final product is this work, which presents the first serious documentation of the history of contact lenses from the sixteenth century. The tale begins with the work of Leonardo da Vinci and proceeds to the disposable contact lenses of today.
Many misconceptions – some scurrilous, some ridiculous – of obscure and better-known authors are exposed by this exemplary work of scholarly research. Heitz did not merely assemble the research and ideas of others, as is often done today, but went to the original texts and monographs, discovering astonishing new, never-before-published facts.
The first volume, published in 2003, is subtitled Early Neutralizations of the Corneal Dioptric Power; the second volume, published in 2005, is subtitled Keratoconus and the Use of Early Contact Lenses (1888-1920).

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10. Adolf Eugen Fick’s “Contactbrille”

11. Eugene Kalt’s “Optical Treatment” of Keratoconus

12. August Muller’s “Hornhautlinsen”

13. The Decades after the Invention

14. The Era af Hydrodiascopes

15. Early Blown Contact Lenses

16. Contact Lenses for Physiological Studies

17. Three Years of Monopoly for Muller’s Contact Shells

18. The Zeiss Contact Lens Prototypes

19. Early Therapeutic and Diagnostic Contact Devices

Biographical Notices


Index of Personal Names

Heitz started to collect material for this masterpiece of ophthalmic history about 25 years ago.
A busy ophthalmologist, it was only when he retired from his medical duties, that he started his new career as an historian.
Having been the instigator and editor (with W. Ehrich in Germany) of the first medical journal devoted entirely to contact lenses (Contactologia), and the founder of the European Contact Lens Society, it is not surprising that his interest was to focus on this speciality of ophthalmology.
His entry in the International Biography and Bibliography of Ophthalmologists (IBBO): reads as follows .

Heitz, Robert Fernand (1932- ) French ophthalmologist and historian. Heitz was born in Haguenau, Alsace, France. He went to Strasbourg and received his MD in 1960. His internship was spent at the Hôpitaux de la Région Sanitaire de Strasbourg from 1956 to 1960 and he became an ophthalmologist under Jean Nordmann in 1963. Heitz was assistant at the Institut de Parasitologie of the Strasbourg University from 1961 to 1962, Director of Clinical Education at the Strasbourg Louis Pasteur University from 1983 to 1997. He was Head of the Ophthalmic Clinic at the Centre Hospitalier de Haguenau and expert consultant to the Head of the Hospitals at the Minister of Public Health in Paris and to the French Agency of Health Products (as President of the Commission for Homologation and Material Control in Ophthalmology). He is a member of the Société Française d’Ophtalmologie; Deutsche Ophthalmologische Gesellschaft, Société d’Ophtalmologie de l’Est de la France, Société Française des Ophtalmologistes adaptateurs de Prothèses de Contact, European Contact Lens Society (ECLSO),( Founder, then treasurer).
He is also a member of the Société d’histoire de la médecine, Société francophone d’histoire de l’ophtalmologie and the Julius Hirschberg Gesellschaft fuer Geschichte der Augenheilkunde.
Heitz received the Fick-Kalt-Müller Medal from the ECLSO in 1983 and the Louis Emile Javal Silver Service Distinction from the International Contact Lens Council of Ophthalmology in 1986. He is the founder and then from 1979 to 1991 was Editor in Chief of both the French and the German edition of the international medical journal Contactologia (Enke Stuttgart) and co-author, with G. Elie of Guide de Contactologie Médicale 1988. He has authored more than 150 publications mainly in French, but also in German and English, on ophthalmic clinical aspects in relation to contact lenses, the history of contact lenses and public health.
Heitz attained his PhD (Paris, École Pratique des Hautes Études) after presenting a thesis on the History of Corneal Neutralization and of Contact Lenses (Étude historique des principes et des applications des systèmes de contact oculaire dans le contexte des connaissances du XVIe siècle à la première moitié du XXe siècle). This thesis will be published in an English version (translated by Colin Mailer) by Wayenborgh Ostend/Belgium, as part of the Hirschberg Series. For his activities to the Public Health, Robert Heitz received the French Ordre National du Mérite.

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Weight 2362 g
Dimensions 29 × 21 cm





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